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'Contraction & Convergence' or the 'Well Tempered Climate Accord' means both: -

  • 'bridging the gap between actions & goal' in the 'Paris Climate Agreement' & also
  • 'closing the accountability deficit' with attention to CO2 DEBITS & CREDITS 1750-2013
    In the UK, this has now led to a Judicial Review of the Government's insufficient response to the 'Paris Climate Agreement'

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This image has become a widely used illustration of C&C; also 'mouse-touch' screen to adjust C&C rates in this 'live' Carbon Budget Analysis Tool (CBAT)

The Objective of the UNFCCC is to achieve a safe & stable greenhouse gas GHG concentration in the global atmosphere.
The Principles of the UNFCCC are precaution and equity.

Concentration of GHG is rising in the atmosphere & the oceans due to rising human emissions & changing rates of CO2 reabsorption, ['sink-efficiency'].

Contraction refers to the 'full-term event' in which the future global total of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions from human sources is shrunk over time in a measured way to zero net-emissions within a specified time-frame. The example above shows 90% by 2100. Calculating future emissions contraction, looking at concentrations and sink performance, is a non-random way of responding to the objective of the UNFCCC.

Convergence refers to the full international sharing of the emissions contraction-event, where the 'emissions-entitlements' for all countries result from them converging on the declining global per capita average of emissions arising under the contraction rate chosen. Converging at a rate to be agreed - the example shows 2030 - is a non-random way of responding to the principle of 'equity' in the UNFCCC, whilst still meeting its objective. Negotiating the rate of convergence is 'the main equity lever'.

Contraction and Convergence - "C&C has the virtue of simplicity. Equal per capita emissions is a natural focal point.
Contestable computations based on economic variables do not need to enter the allocation
formula." Professor Ross Garnaut

Transparently goal-focusing negotiations at the UNFCCC to become teleological this way, recognizes its 'precautionary principle'.
It makes compliance with its objective less unlikely than does the randomness of the negotiations there so far - eg at COP-15 and eg at COP-16

Different rates of C&C principle shown here & here & here

First tabled at UN by GCI in 1996 briefing - Agreed in principle at COP-3 - Described by UNFCCC as "inevitably required" at COP-9 - now widely cited and supported - information on C&C 'rates' is here - 'incontestability' of C&C is debated here.

C&C was adopted in the UK Climate Act in 2008 but then mishandled at COP-15 also linked here.
The 'climate-gap' is now wider than ever COP-18 failed to correct this COP-21 failed to correct this.

A draft explanatory movie is here (work in progress)
"Nature's Smallest & Most Beautiful Secret" a movie for the Centre for Alternative Technology is here
GCI's memo to UNFCCC is here Support is here CBAT Mk 1 unfinished is here